Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD is a range of different conditions about the unusual behaviors, speech, and socialization of a child. A survey done by the Center for Disease Control resulted in the finding that there is about 1 in 59 children affected by this disorder. It may appear in the early stages of a child’s life and gradually develop. If you are aware that your child is showing red flag signs, schedule an appointment with your developmental pediatrician immediately. They have the appropriate knowledge and tools to assess the child. The diagnosis may be given after a while. The recommendations will undoubtedly be explained clearly by the doctor.
There are specific therapies to help your child cope up with this disorder. It can improve socialization and behavior if continuously done in line with the activities at home. Here are some of the therapies for children with autism:
1. Behavior Analysis
This is done to assess the child on what behaviors he is repetitively doing. Their evaluation helps in the formation of strategies on how to fix the bad behaviors of the child. BCBA supervision can surely help this initial process of the therapy.
2. Applied Behavioral Analysis
Applied Behavioral Analysis or ABA is one of the most used therapy in the world for children with autism. It is a reward system that ensures positive behaviors are met. Meanwhile, harmful behaviors are not rewarded for noting in the child’s mind that they do not get a prize if they do that behavior. It is a form of conditioning in a way because it sets up the mind of the child on what actions to take, which are rewarding. This is most effective for toddlers and found to be less effective in adolescents. There are four types of ABA. Your doctor and therapist can recommend what kinds your child will need.
This therapy is done to help the child perform his everyday tasks. Adaptive skills may be developed in this as well as how the child can work well in the environment. Simple activities like learning how to tie shoelaces and eating with a spoon and fork. Sometimes, there are also goals in this therapy on how to get along with other people. The socialization part is improved with sessions, and even self-esteem is developed.
4. Speech Therapy
Since there are children who have problems with speech in Autism, it is vital to have this therapy. Some kids do not talk, and just mimics sounds even at five years old. This must be managed by a therapist to help the child express himself and receive information through words. If this is not effective, the therapist may opt to shift using pictures and signs to guide the child in the speaking and communicating process.
Children with this kind of special needs will also need special attention. The goal for them is to get to live a healthy life in the future. To help them get through this barrier, they must be included in the society and accommodated if needed.